There Was No Big Bang—A Black Hole Created Our Universe, Scientists Claim

Wednesday, 03 January 2018 - 10:35AM
Black Holes
Wednesday, 03 January 2018 - 10:35AM
There Was No Big Bang—A Black Hole Created Our Universe, Scientists Claim
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Image credit: NASA
Between Elon Musk's claim that we're all living in the Matrix and the idea that the inside of the Earth is populated by aliens, there are some crazy theories floating around these days. But when scientists from the Perimeter Institute claim that our universe was birthed by a black hole from a previous universe rather than the Big Bang it's hard to deny that there's something convincing about the hypothesis.

The genesis of the idea is this: when scientists create projections for how the early universe looked, they notice that it's hotter and denser the farther back in time you go.

Conventionally, scientists thought this culminated in a moment about 14 billion years ago when the entire universe was contained in a single point, or a singularity. We've seen singularities in our universe at the hearts of black holes, and observed that most of the laws of physics start to unravel around them.

This is an issue for scientists at the Perimeter Institute: "The big bang hypothesis has our relatively comprehensible, uniform, and predictable universe arising from the physics-destroying insanity of a singularity. It seems unlikely."

Instead, some scientists from Perimeter believe that we should be looking at those black holes more closely.

Here's a short video explaining the key ideas:

In a nutshell, our universe is the product of a fourth-dimensional black hole that exists in another universe. We're living beyond the event horizon, and so are any other universes created by black holes in our "parent" universe. 

Where did our parent universe come from?

We're guessing the answer is going to be "a fifth-dimensional black hole," then a sixth, then a seventh, then an eighth...and it's turtles all the way down, as speculative fiction author Terry Pratchett would say.

On the upside, this solves the information paradox created by black holes—all the "information" that makes up the matter consumed by a black hole isn't destroyed, it's converted into part of a new universe. This multiverse hypothesis even bears a similarity to the sci-fi graphic novel Trillium, which revolves around black holes being gates to alternate universes.

However, it also raises some disturbing questions, primarily: What happens to the material sucked into black holes in our universe?

Would a wayward astronaut find themselves in a 2-D universe?

And what lies at the bottom of the nesting doll of universes?

It might sound complicated, and a little insane, but Perimeter isn't alone in challenging the conventional wisdom that the big bang created our universe.

Physicist Juliano Cesar Silva Neves, of the University of Campinas's Mathematics, Statistics & Scientific Computation Institute in Brazil, recently announced that not only was the universe not created by the big bang—it never happened, period.
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